The Kuban State Agrarian University, Department of Theoretical Mechanics
13, Kalinin Street, 350044 Krasnodar, Russia
Lately, the notion "Global
energy" has become widely spread as a prize corresponding to this notion
has been introduced in Russia.
Since the Euclidean times, an
unwritten law exists in science: to give definition to the notions, which are
involved in scientific analysis. It is done for the purpose that everybody who
uses this notion can understand the sense implied in it.
The global energy problems have been
discussed for a long time; they are well known. Depletion of natural energy
carriers (oil, gas and coal) is the first problem. Environmental safety of
energy carriers is the second problem. It is generally recognized that the solution
of the issues connected with the aggregate of these two problems is of a global
character. The scientific research results, which should belong to global
energy, originate from it. First and foremost, they are such scientific
investigations, which result in the possibility to use an inexhaustible and
environmental friendly energy carrier. It has been known for a long time. It is
hydrogen produced from water.
Why hydrogen and why from water?
Because when hydrogen is burnt, water is formed again; thus, the energy carrier
is inexhaustible. As far as inexhaustibility and environmental safety are
concerned, hydrogen has no competitors. But the implementation of these
qualities is restricted by large energy expenses for hydrogen production from
water. For hydrogen production, modern electrolyzers use by 10 or 20% more
energy when it is produced while hydrogen is burnt.
It is easy to imagine what financial
and intellectual resources of the world are included in the search of the ways
how to reduce energy expenses for hydrogen production from water. In Russia,
many scientific institutions of branch science and educational institutions are
busy with this problem. There exists a research hydrogen institute.
The associations of scientists on hydrogen
energetics have been established in USA and Europe. This year, they carry out
their regular scientific conferences, to which the author of this article has
Energy problem is global not due to
depletion of oil and gas, but due to their environmental hazard. But the
confirmations exist that the world owners of energy resources do not bother
about the environmental hazard problem of modern energy carriers.
In history of science, the facts of
annihilation of the scientists who have won success in energy expense reduction
for hydrogen production from water have already been registered. The orderers
of these actions think that they will lose their profits with the rise of
hydrogen energetics. They do not understand that this rise cannot be abrupt. It
is impossible to substitute hydrogen energetics infrastructure for energy
infrastructure of the existing energy carriers during one year or even during
ten years. Besides, hydrogen energetics infrastructure will be created not on a
blank space. It will be integrated into the existing infrastructure of
energetics gradually; and its owners will automatically become the owners of
hydrogen energetics. The first step has already been made in this direction. In
USA, a decision has been adopted to equip all filling stations with the pumps
to fill the cars with hydrogen.
It is known that the theoretical
investigation results publication in press is a priority. Usually, such
priority is a personal one. Usually, a patent is a priority of the experimental
investigation results. As a rule, this patent belongs to a group of authors. A
published patent is a jinnee released from a bottle. No finesse of the authors
to encumber a reproduction of experimental data given in a patent without the
participation of the authors can stop the process of their implementation.
Thus, the authors or a group of the authors who have filed an application for a
patent are deprived automatically of the opportunity to influence the process
of practical realization of their ideas.
In Russia, the state is a main
patent holder of the global patents. Due to the well-known reasons, it has
proved to be unable to control the course of scientific investigations and to
forecast significance of their results.
It is known that if it becomes possible
to reduce energy expenses for hydrogen production of water 5fold, it will be
the cheapest energy carrier. Russia has already got technology, which reduces
these expenses 10fold and more. But another direction is more perspective. What
is the use to break down water into hydrogen and oxygen and to use hydrogen as
fuel for heating, for example, water in heating systems? Is it possible to make
water generate heat? As it happens, it is possible.
In Russia, three firms (Yusmar,
Termovikhr and Noteka) sell cavitation heating equipment with energy
performance index up to 150%. Official science looks awry at this activity,
because such results conflict with one of the main laws of physics: law of
conservation of energy. But market profit is stronger than this law.
Engineering practice has already
proved that additional energy in the form of heat is generated in the
ventilation systems and in the water cavitation systems. Deep scientific
analysis of this problem shows that physical vacuum is the most probable source
of additional energy in the systems of ventilation and water cavitation.
Valence electrons of destroyed molecules of water take energy from physical
vacuum and release it during repeated fusion of these molecules.
Why is additional energy generated in
the air systems of ventilation and in water cavitation systems? Because they
are mechanical systems; mechanical destruction of chemical links requires half energy as compared with thermal destruction
of these links. This is the main reason why one fails to increase energy
performance index of cavitation processes over 200%.
An increase of efficacy of any
process by 30 or 50% is a good result; if it is obtained, it is possible to get
even better result. What if a water molecule is destroyed not mechanically, but
electrodynamically? In this case, it becomes possible to find resonance
frequencies of impact on the molecules and to reduce considerably electrical
energy expenses for their destruction. Subsequent fusion of destroyed molecules
will release prescribed quantity of energy unavoidably. It is a simple idea,
and it has already been implemented. During electrodynamic influence on water
molecules, electrical energy is converted into thermal energy with tenfold energy performance index. It means
that if we spend 1 kW of electric energy, we'll get 10 kW of thermal energy.
In order to obtain such results, it is
necessary to have knowledge on physchemistry
of the micro world, which corresponds to knowledge of the 21st century, and it
has already been published. Every month, more than 3000 foreign scientists
become familiarized with this knowledge, the addresses being http://Kanarev.innoplaza.net and http://book.physchemistry.innoplaza.net
. The Russian speaking readers get this information from addresses: http://www.n-t.org/tp/ns/if.htm http://www.ikar.udm.ru/sb28-2.htm
I think that now the readers will know the essentials of the
notions "global energy" and will understand the scientific
investigation results, which solve its problems actually.
Ph. M. Kanarev
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